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About Mongolia

Are you craving a one of a kind adventure? Do you want to get away from the tourist trail and truly get off the beaten track? Do you want a dynamic mix of culture, nature and history? Mongolia is the destination for you.

Predicted to be one of the next global travel hotspots, Mongolia is more than just the home of the Mongols and the great Genghis Khan. In this majestic country the ancient meets the modern and the result is guaranteed to take your breath away. Whether you want to explore the capital of Ulan Baatar, trek across the Gobi Desert on horseback or experience a homestay in a family yurt, this country is an adventure lover’s dream. If you want to truly get off the beaten track and explore a fascinating land, begin planning your travel to Mongolia today with Black Ibex Expeditions.

Black Ibex Expeditions is an industry leading tourism company, and we have been assisting tourists who want to experience the legendary hospitality and wonderful culture of a friendly, captivating people for over a decade. We provide a large number of tours and packages, all of them designed with the utmost consideration into what travelers like you want most out of their trip. Book a trip to Mongolia today!

Mongolia basic information

Population:3.0 million
Area:1,566,000 sq km (610,740 sq mi)
Land boundaries:8,158 km, with Russia 3,485 km and with China 4,673 km
Average altitude:1,580 m above sea-level
Terrain:Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest,
Gobi Desert in southeast
People:Khalkha Mongols (86%), Kazaks (6%), about a dozen other Mongolian
ethnic groups
Languages:Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. English is widely spoken in the
Ulaanbaatar.
Religions:Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism
Literacy rate:82.9%
Climate:Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer from July through September.
Political system:Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years. Present President Elbegdorj Tsahia, elected in 2013. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years. Present Prime Minister Mr. Saikhanbileg.Ch was appointed in 2014.
Legislature:State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years. The last election was held in 2012.
Judicial system:Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court , Supreme Court, Aimag and capital city courts, soum and district courts.
State structure:Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into Aimags (21) and a capital city; Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags; and a capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.
National currency:Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 1986 = USD 1 (by Sep 2015)
Fiscal year:January 1 - December 31
Main entry points:Chinggis Khaan (International airport in Ulaanbaatar ), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)
Sea access:Tianjin/China (1,344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4,037 km)
Public holidays:December 31- January 1 - New Year 3 days,  in January/February - Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar),  June 1 - Mother and Child day,  July 11-13 - National Holiday (Naadam)
Time:Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Normal working hours:09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00
Electric current:220 volts/50 HZ
Weight and measures:Metric System
Visa arrangements:Visa shall be issued by Mongolia Embassies and Diplomatic Missions as well as Honorary consuls of Mongolia , or can be obtained at the airport at a cost of US$53 but must be accompanied by an invitation.
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